LAMP - Linux Apache MariaDB PHP | The famous web stack
I need to setup a working LAMP environment on my Fedora 28 workstation. I created out this tutorial as my personal references and it might be useful for you.
First thing, you need to update your repository at first :
$ sudo dnf update --refresh
Then, lets begin to install Apache web server and MariaDB database server:
$ sudo dnf install httpd $ sudo dnf install mariadb-server
Now install PHP engine and some dependency
$ sudo dnf install php php-mbstring php-pear php-mysqlnd php-common php-pdo php-xml
Do you need PhpMyAdmin? I always need that:
$ sudo dnf install phpmyadmin
Start Apache and MySQL services via systemctl:
$ sudo systemctl start httpd.service $ sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
Open you browser and navigate to
127.0.0.1. Now, does default webserver page loaded on your screen? Awesome! Ok, keep calm and continue..
After starting MariaDB database, run
mysql_secure_installation and follow the instruction. If it just for local usage then not much to worried about:
$ mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] n ... skipping. By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
By default web server is only accessible as localhost. To allow access publicly to the LAMP over HTTP and HTTPS, you need to configure the firewall rules and after that reboot or reload the firewall:
$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http $ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https $ sudo firewall-cmd --reload
This are the same step I practically use since Fedora 23 until now (Fedora 28). It should worked for next upcoming version also.